Exploring The Concept of Ihsan and The Intention to Donate Blood Among Male and Female Blood Donors
The act of blood donation is known as one of selfless behaviour towards the other human being. The action is vital to help those in need, either in during emergencies or periodically. However, the concept of ihsan which derived from a combination of altruism, charity and self-identity as a blood donor has yet to be explored in the study of blood donation. Therefore, this study aims to explore the concept of ihsan and the intention to donate blood among university students involved in blood donation. Respondents were recruited from a local university in Selangor. A total of 166 blood donors answered an online questionnaire pertaining to the motivation to donate blood. The Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) using varimax rotation found that there are five items grouped in one component, namely ihsan. As for descriptive analysis, the result showed that female blood donors displayed a higher mean score (M = 3.90, sd = .66), as compared to male blood donors (M=3.78, sd = .62). Finally, Hierarchical Multiple Regression (enter method) analysis revealed that ihsan (B = .336) is significantly correlated to the intention to donate blood (R2 = .062, F change (1, 163) = 5.37, p < .01, after controlling the aspect of gender . In other words, the concept of ihsan that resembles positive values such as altruism and charity leads to the intention to donate blood among university students, regardless of their gender. Campaign on blood donation should promote the concept of ihsan to strengthen the intention to donate blood among young people in a university setting as it encourages positive values among young people.
Copyright (c) 2022 International Online Journal of Language, Communication, and Humanities
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
It is the author's responsibility to ensure that his or her submitted work does not infringe any existing copyright. Furthermore, the author indemnifies the editors and publisher against any breach of such a warranty. Authors should obtain permission to reproduce or adapt copyrighted material and provide evidence of approval upon submitting the final version of a manuscript. This journal does not allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions or retain publishing rights without restrictions.
Papers are accepted on the understanding that they have not been and will not be published elsewhere. On the decision of the editors, authorities in the relevant field will review the papers blindly. The editors have the final decision on publication. Papers on acceptance become the copyright of UMK Publisher. To assist publication, authors will be requested to submit a copy in Microsoft Word format of their final manuscript. The journal will be published in online.