International Online Journal of Language, Communication, and Humanities <div> <p>International Online Journal of Language, Communication,&nbsp;and Humanities (INSANIAH) is a high-quality peer-reviewed, open-access research journal that is published online by the Faculty of Language Studies and Human Development, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan. INSANIAH is published twice a year and provides the platform for researchers, academics, professionals, practitioners, and students to impart and share knowledge in areas related to language, education, social work, communication, psychology as well as history and civilisation.&nbsp;</p> </div> <div> <p>INSANIAH welcomes and acknowledges high-quality theoretical and empirical original research papers, case studies, review papers, conceptual papers, literature reviews, book reviews, and conceptual frameworks. Articles are accepted in English and Malay language.</p> <p>Peer Review Process<br>All manuscripts are reviewed by at least two (2) reviewers. Authors are encouraged to suggest up to three reviewers. Final decisions will be made after the authors have carried out all of the corrections recommended by the reviewers.&nbsp;<br>The normal turn-around time for the evaluation of manuscripts is between five and seven months from the date of receipt. Authors can opt for fast-track reviews for a fee.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> en-US <p>It is the author's responsibility to ensure that his or her submitted work does not infringe any existing copyright. Furthermore, the author indemnifies the editors and publisher against any breach of such a warranty. Authors should obtain permission to reproduce or adapt copyrighted material and provide evidence of approval upon submitting the final version of a manuscript. This journal does not allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions or retain publishing rights without restrictions.</p> <p><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Sans', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">Papers are accepted on the understanding that they have not been and will not be published elsewhere. On the decision of the editors, authorities in the relevant field will review the papers blindly. The editors have the final decision on publication. Papers on acceptance become the copyright of UMK Publisher. To assist publication, authors will be requested to submit a copy in Microsoft Word format of their final manuscript. The journal will be published in online.</span></p> (INSANIAH) (Dr. Ahmad Bin Abdul Rahman) Tue, 31 Oct 2023 07:47:13 +0000 OJS 60 Youth Attention to Problematic Gaming With Effective Fear Levels <p>The persuasive power of fear is a commonly employed marketing strategy, especially in public service announcements (PSAs). The persuasive power of fear is often utilized to capture audience attention. However, the appropriateness of fear levels without eliciting negative reactions remains uncertain due to a lack of specific research. This is due to conflicting views among communication, marketing, psychology, and neuroscience scholars regarding fear levels that enhance attention but have fewer side effects. This study aims to determine effective fear levels for capturing youth attention in the context of problematic gaming (PG). Focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted in two sessions with 9 active youth gamers who have been playing video games for more than 2 hours daily for the past two years, utilizing the severity variable of the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM) threat. FGD data were analyzed using Atlas.Ti version 8.0 software to identify patterns and themes related to the elicited fear levels and their effects on players. The study findings indicate that moderate fear levels are effective in capturing the attention of young video game players and can reduce the risk of rejection or boomerang effects, whereas excessive fear threats are at risk of such effects. This study suggests the use of appropriate fear levels in PSAs targeting youth attention. Indirectly, the study offers valuable insights to help reconcile conflicting views among scholars. Determining the appropriateness of fear levels enables more effective and low-risk design of future PSAs.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Zul Imran Ahmad, Mohd Azul Mohamad Salleh, Normah Mustaffa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 31 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Digital Literacy to Digital Fluency Among Parents in Mediating Adolescents’ Online Safety <p>Adolescents are known to be more digitally literate and proficient in technology mechanism than their parents. Nevertheless, it is questionable that adolescents can distinguish either its usage holds positive or negative implications towards them. Hence, adolescents&nbsp; need their parents to supervise and mediate their online activities. This research examined digital literacy knowledge and skills by identifying the differences based on Malaysian parent’s demographic factors. Besides, this research intended to create awareness among parents to be aware of their digital literacy and mediate their adolescents’ safe Internet use. The study involved 384 parents of adolescents aged 13 to 17 from Klang Valley area in Malaysia. It adopted the digital literacy scale and Internet skills scale to measure parents’ digital literacy knowledge and skills using the Internet and devices by employing a quantitative questionnaire method. The researcher then analysed the data through descriptive analysis on parents’ device usage, Internet usage among parents and parental monitoring on adolescents’ Internet use. Furthermore, this research attended an Interdependent t-test and One-way ANOVA to recognise parents’ digital literacy level of differences based on gender, age group, Internet use experiences and professional background. The conclusion reported no significant difference between parents’ digital literacy according to gender. Nonetheless, factors such as age group, Internet use experience and professional background constituted significant differences with parents’ digital literacy. The study found that parents are lack in skills component. Therefore, this study suggested that parents today need to enhance their capability and equip themselves with digital fluency to cope with the mercurial technology context in mediating adolescent online safety.</p> Haslina Mohd Hassan, Mohd Azul Mohamad Salleh, Abdul Latiff Ahmad ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 31 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Penggunaan Media Sosial dan Kaedah Fiqh Dalam Penentuan Peluang Kerjaya Dalam Industri Pelancongan dan Makanan Halal Di Hotel Sekitar Negeri Sembilan: Satu Tinjauan <p>Industri pelancongan di Malaysia telah menjadi salah satu keutamaan kerana dilihat mampu menyumbang pendapatan yang tinggi kepada negara. Perkembangan industri pelancongan ini, turut menyumbang kepada industri pelancongan Islam. Kajian ini bertujuan membincangkan penggunaan media sosial memainkan aspek penting dalam pelancongan Islam serta hubungannya dengan peluang kerjaya di Malaysia. Pelancongan Islam adalah aktiviti-aktiviti pelancongan berlandaskan undang-undang syariah dan nilai-nilai Islam dimana ia melibatkan pelancong Islam mahupun bukan Islam ke tempat atau Negara Islam. Pelancongan ini menawarkan beberapa produk dan perkhidmatan hospitaliti yang patuh syariah. Antaranya adalah perkhidmatan penyediaan hotel mesra halal, perkhidmatan kewangan Islam, perkhidmatan pengangkutan halal, pakej pelancongan Islam, makanan halal dan standard halal. Penawaran produk dan perkhidmatan hospitaliti ini secara tidak langsung telah membuka peluang pekerjaan di Malaysia khususnya bagi melahirkan tenaga pakar dalam industri halal seiring Rancangan Malaysia ke 11. Sepatutnya Malaysia sebagai sebuah negara Islam perlu menjalankan dan melaksanakan Hotel Patuh Syariah secara keseluruhannya, hal ini kerana ia merupakan salah satu keperluan kepada pelancong dan juga kepada pengguna pada hari ini.</p> Muhammad Adnan Pitchan, Siti Nur Husna Abd Rahman, Rafidah Mohd, Nursafra Mohd ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 31 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Online Learning Preferences And Motivational Impact In Learning English During Covid-19 <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>The increase number of Covid-19 outbreaks has profoundly changed our education system. From ordinary face-to-face learning, the educators need to find new alternatives in adapting the students into online learning. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the students' motivation to using e-Campus as an online platform in learning the English Language at Universiti Malaysia Kelantan using the questionnaires adapted from the ARCS Model of Motivation. 161 English language learners from various levels of classes participated in this study using simple random sampling<span style="text-decoration: line-through;">. </span>Data from the questionnaires consisting of 20 items on an observation checklist were collected, analysed, and supplemented using descriptive statistical analysis of students’ responses from questionnaires. The findings indicated that 68% of the students exhibited positive feedback towards the use of e-Campus as an online platform when learning the English language during the pandemic period. This study also suggested a need to improve students' experiences of using e-Campus as an online learning platform to implement online teaching and learning successfully. The outcome is believed to be valuable for educational authorities in planning, developing, and implementing measures to address possible challenges faced by students when using e-Campus as their main alternative in online learning. It is hoped that more future research should be carried out so that the students who&nbsp;are currently using e-Campus as their online learning platform will be able to learn and comprehend their language learning despite the challenges.&nbsp;</p> Syakirah Shafien, Shahidatul Maslina Mohd So’od, Lena Ramamurthy, Noor Syamimie Mohd Nawi, Nur Hafezah Hussein ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 31 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Scavenging and Social Marginalisation: The Case of Iraqi Scavengers in Sakarya, Turkey <p>Waste selecting has come an option for individualities in responding to the profitable challenge in order to give for themselves and families. Although this practice offers an occasion for tone- employment, there's also a concern that those who deal in waste may be exposing themselves and maybe their families to social smirch and health problems. The main ideal of this study is to explore the marginalization of Iraqi Scavengers in Sakarya, Turkey, more specifically their health and the hopeless state of lack of openings in Sakarya. To gain deeper perceptivity into the themes captured in the forenamed exploration questions; qualitative system of data collection through face- to- face interviews were conducted with actors named through intentional slice. Empirically, four central factors push actors into waste picking gambles severance, retrenchment, Lack of openings, and the need for stoked income. Also, we set up that although waste selectors continue the practice to sustain themselves and their families, waste selecting doesn't sufficiently offer sustainable income, bettered livelihoods nor reduced reliance on public social and health systems. There's a need to enhance the capacity of the lemon public health system to adequately feed for those who regularly need it’s with freights suitable and this study has shown that the nonstop practice of waste selecting is synonymous with ill health and pressure on public health systems.</p> Ibrahim Riyadh Abdul Jabbar, Novel Lyndon ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 31 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Visualizing Psychopragmatic: Method of Analysis of Cultural Identity Learning for Sociocultural Language Researchers <p>Cultural identity helps language researchers understand the subject under investigation.&nbsp; Psychopragmatics refer to the language analysis method that considers an individual’s psychological. This article employs psychopragmatics analysis to investigate the examination of cultural identity, using the Minangkabau culture as a case study. This literature review was selected through a comprehensive review of relevant literature. As per the analysis, the act of self-identification by the speaker can exert a significant impact on the cognitive processes and perspectives of the listener. Therefore, language researchers can utilize psychopragmatics to analyze the acquisition of cultural identity through personal language.</p> Wahyudi Rahmat, Nor Hazwani Munirah Lateh, Yohan Kurniawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 31 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000