International Online Journal of Language, Communication, and Humanities <div> <p>International Online Journal of Language, Communication,&nbsp;and Humanities (INSANIAH) is a high-quality peer-reviewed, open-access research journal that is published online by the Faculty of Language Studies and Human Development, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan. INSANIAH is published twice a year and provides the platform for researchers, academics, professionals, practitioners, and students to impart and share knowledge in areas related to language, education, social work, communication, psychology as well as history and civilisation.&nbsp;</p> </div> <div> <p>INSANIAH welcomes and acknowledges high-quality theoretical and empirical original research papers, case studies, review papers, conceptual papers, literature reviews, book reviews, and conceptual frameworks. Articles are accepted in English and Malay language.</p> <p>Peer Review Process<br>All manuscripts are reviewed by at least two (2) reviewers. Authors are encouraged to suggest up to three reviewers. Final decisions will be made after the authors have carried out all of the corrections recommended by the reviewers.&nbsp;<br>The normal turn-around time for the evaluation of manuscripts is between five and seven months from the date of receipt. Authors can opt for fast-track reviews for a fee.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> en-US <p>It is the author's responsibility to ensure that his or her submitted work does not infringe any existing copyright. Furthermore, the author indemnifies the editors and publisher against any breach of such a warranty. Authors should obtain permission to reproduce or adapt copyrighted material and provide evidence of approval upon submitting the final version of a manuscript. This journal does not allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions or retain publishing rights without restrictions.</p> <p><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Sans', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">Papers are accepted on the understanding that they have not been and will not be published elsewhere. On the decision of the editors, authorities in the relevant field will review the papers blindly. The editors have the final decision on publication. Papers on acceptance become the copyright of UMK Publisher. To assist publication, authors will be requested to submit a copy in Microsoft Word format of their final manuscript. The journal will be published in online.</span></p> (INSANIAH) (Dr. Ahmad Bin Abdul Rahman) Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Communication Effectiveness: A Study at PT. Perkebunan Nusantara V Riau <p>The key to the success of an organization is communication. Good communication is the communication that results in a common opinion among the perpetrators. Effective communication is important in organizations because it will make the organization grow and prosper. Organizational leader as communicator must be able to convey the intended messages to the communicants (employees). The message must be fully understood by employees. If the message is delivered properly, then the communicant will provide feedback to the expectations of communicators. This study aims to determine employee attitudes towards the effectiveness of communication in the office environment of Kebon Sei Berlian PT. Perkebunan Nusantara V Riau. The sampling technique was a total sampling of 60 respondents. Data collection was carried out through literature study and questionnaire distribution. This study uses the Multi Attribute Model (MAM) model to determine employee attitudes towards the effectiveness of communication in the Kebon Sei Berlian Office PT. Perkebunan Nusantara V Riau. The results showed that the attitude of employees towards the bulletin boards in the company environment was underutilized. Employees consider the success of communication that occurs between communicants and communicators. So far, the information conveyed by employees to superiors and coworkers has not experienced problems so that communication is well established.</p> Fauzia Agustini, Dita Amanah, Emilia Ramadhani, Dedy Ansari Harahap ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Challenges and Opportunities of Media Education in The State Universities in Sri Lanka <p><span lang="EN-GB">Media education was introduced to the Sri Lankan university education in 1973. But the undergraduates in mass Communication/media studies are struggling to find job opportunities in the media industry. Therefore, the main issue is that the undergraduates are not updated with the industrial and practical knowledge</span><span lang="SI-LK">. In this context, t</span><span lang="EN-GB">he purpose of the study is to examine the challenges and opportunities in media education at the state universities in Sri Lanka by using </span><span lang="EN-GB">Technological pedagogical content knowledge framework (TPACK) model</span>. The Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and the in-depth interviews were conducted to collect data of the study. The results show that there are some challenges and opportunities in curriculum, teaching methods, assessments, technologies related to media education. The &nbsp;opportunities in media education are indroducing several special degree programmes in mass communication/media studies by the newly established media/communication departments, covering a wide range of areas in communication discipline in the curriculum, introducing some resources and infrastructural facilities to facilitate the undergraduates etc. On the other hand, limited expansion of the discipline of mass communication/ mass media within the university system, limited post graduate studies, most of the courses in Sinhala and Tamil, heavily concentrated on theoretical aspects in the curriculum and assessments, non-availability of the text books, media instruments and tools, teachers without professional practice, training and research, non- availability of opportunities in the media industry etc. are the main challenges in the media education in Sri Lanka. Therefore, the state universities should take necessary actions to address the challenges in media education specially to cater to the requirements and needs of the media industry in Sri Lanka.</p> Galagedarage Thushari Madhubhashini ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Penilaian Kurikulum Bahasa Jepun Berpandukan Standard Common European Framework of References for Languages (CEFR) di Universiti Malaysia Kelantan <p>Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menilai pelaksanaan kurikulum kursus Bahasa Jepun sebagai Bahasa Ketiga&nbsp; di Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK). Kajian ini menggunakan Model Penilaian KIPP yang melibatkan dimensi konteks, input, proses dan produk. Sampel kajian terdiri daripada 145 orang pelajar semester ketiga yang mengambil kursus Bahasa Jepun. Kajian ini menggunakan instrumen soal selidik bagi menilai dimensi konteks, input, proses dan produk. Statistik yang digunakan dalam kajian ini melibatkan skor frekuensi, peratus, min dan sisihan piawai. Hasil kajian menunjukkan pelaksanaan Kurikulum Kursus Bahasa Jepun berpandukan standard <em>Common European Framework of References for Languages </em>(CEFR) sebagai Bahasa Ketiga &nbsp;di UMK berada pada tahap yang tinggi apabila keempat-empat objektif kajian memperoleh nilai min pada aras yang tinggi (4.63). Justeru, inisiatif Fakulti Pengajian Bahasa dan Pembangunan Insan memperkenalkan kursus ini di UMK adalah tindakan yang amat tepat malah menjadikan pelajar UMK &nbsp;sebagai pelajar yang mempunyai <em>soft skill</em> dan berupaya menguasai kemahiran berbahasa asing bagi persediaan mereka dalam menempuh alam pekerjaan pada masa hadapan. Perkara ini sejajar dengan&nbsp; Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia (PPPM) 2013-2025 yang amat menitik beratkan penguasaan bahasa asing sebagai nilai tambah kepada setiap pelajar di institusi pengajian tinggi Malaysia yang boleh dianggap sebagai salah satu langkah dalam penambahbaikan jenama pendidikan Malaysia pada peringkat global.</p> Nurul Fatihah Hanapi, Yasmin See, Wan Yusoff Wan Shaharuddin, Tg. Iffah Tuan Yazid, Khuzaiton Zakaria ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring Racial Discrimination in Popular Culture in English Language Classrooms <p>Today more and more youths are engaging themselves online and making use of media content such as popular culture for personal development. Popular culture, which is also known as mass culture or pop culture, refers to collection of behaviours, values, and artefacts that are dominant or predominant in a society at a given time. This includes popular music, print, cyber culture, sports, entertainment, leisure, fads, advertising and television. Among the various genres, popular music represents a type of popular culture that has strong appealing power. The death of George Floyd has triggered the Black Lives Matter movement not only in the US but also elsewhere in other parts of the world. The question is, is there any avenue where such an issue can be addressed ‘responsibly’ without silencing others under the pretext of sensitivity? Can language classrooms provide a conducive and safe environment to address this? Therefore, this study has two objectives; first is to establish and evaluate students’ general perception of the Black Lives Matter movement, racial discrimination experiences and interest in pop culture via Google Forms. Next, this paper also wishes&nbsp; to investigate the content of popular music whether they contain relatable and useful materials to address delicate issues like racial discrimination. Beyoncé’s “Black Parade” and Alicia Keys’, “A Perfect Way to Die” song lyrics are chosen for content analysis. Both the statistics and analysis can help one to understand what the respondents think, evaluate the nature, meanings and relationships of certain particular terms, themes, or concepts and design suitable learning activities for meaningful learning experience.</p> Wan Noorli Razali ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring the Utilization of Indonesian Language Among International Students in Bilingual Education: An Analysis of Pedagogical and Cognitive Strategies <p>The present research examined the pedagogical and cognitive strategies employed by an Indonesian teacher to enhance the use of the Indonesian language among students in her bilingual class. The study was conducted within the framework of a linguistic ethnographic design. The researcher conducted an observation of the teacher's classroom, documenting observations through the use of field notes. The observation was guided by the framework established by Schwartz and Asli (2014). A semi-structured interview was administered to gather insights into the teacher's viewpoint and difficulties encountered while instructing her bilingual class. The predominant strategy utilized by the teacher was translanguaging within a sentence, with gesture being the subsequent technique most frequently employed. The utilization of a translation methodology was infrequently employed. Notwithstanding the implementation of pedagogical and cognitive methodologies, the educator faced two hindrances: (1) pupils who communicated in English instead of Indonesian and (2) challenges in allocating time.</p> Refa Lina Tiawati, Azman Bin Bidin, Suria Baba ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000