International Online Journal of Language, Communication, and Humanities <div> <p>International Online Journal of Language, Communication,&nbsp;and Humanities (INSANIAH) is a high-quality peer-reviewed, open-access research journal that is published online by the Faculty of Language Studies and Human Development, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan. INSANIAH is published twice a year and provides the platform for researchers, academics, professionals, practitioners, and students to impart and share knowledge in areas related to language, education, social work, communication, psychology as well as history and civilisation.&nbsp;</p> </div> <div> <p>INSANIAH welcomes and acknowledges high-quality theoretical and empirical original research papers, case studies, review papers, conceptual papers, literature reviews, book reviews, and conceptual frameworks. Articles are accepted in English and Malay language.</p> <p>Peer Review Process<br>All manuscripts are reviewed by at least two (2) reviewers. Authors are encouraged to suggest up to three reviewers. Final decisions will be made after the authors have carried out all of the corrections recommended by the reviewers.&nbsp;<br>The normal turn-around time for the evaluation of manuscripts is between five and seven months from the date of receipt. Authors can opt for fast-track reviews for a fee.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Press en-US International Online Journal of Language, Communication, and Humanities 2637-0360 <p>It is the author's responsibility to ensure that his or her submitted work does not infringe any existing copyright. Furthermore, the author indemnifies the editors and publisher against any breach of such a warranty. Authors should obtain permission to reproduce or adapt copyrighted material and provide evidence of approval upon submitting the final version of a manuscript. This journal does not allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions or retain publishing rights without restrictions.</p> <p><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Sans', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">Papers are accepted on the understanding that they have not been and will not be published elsewhere. On the decision of the editors, authorities in the relevant field will review the papers blindly. The editors have the final decision on publication. Papers on acceptance become the copyright of UMK Publisher. To assist publication, authors will be requested to submit a copy in Microsoft Word format of their final manuscript. The journal will be published in online.</span></p> Student Online Learning Readiness as a Significant Predictor of Students' Arabic Proficiency <p>Virtual learning is a process that has been a must in the Covid19 era.&nbsp; It is an important medium that is a substitute for face-to-face Arabic learning. Students' willingness to pursue online learning and their relationship to achievement need to be studied. Technical competence, social competence with lecturers and friends and communication skills are among the factors that students are prepared to pursue online learning.&nbsp; However, not much empirical evidence is obtained from studies on the influence of these variables on students’ proficiency in Arabic. Therefore, this study was conducted to analyze the influence of the four factors of online learning readiness on students’ proficiency in Arabic.&nbsp; In addition, this study also aims to identify the most important factors that need to be given priority. A total of 220 questionnaires were distributed to UiTM Degree students and out of that, 214 data were used after the data cleaning process. The analysis using SmartPLS 3.0 software showed social competence factor with lecturers (β=0.328, t=3.796, p&lt;0.01, f<sup>2</sup>=0.082) and communication competence (β=0.222, t=2.259, p&lt;0.05, f<sup>2</sup>=0.042) positively influenced students’ proficiency in Arabic.&nbsp; Social competence with peers and technical competence were found to have no effect on students’ proficiency in Arabic. Based on the results of IPMA analysis in PLS, social competence with lecturers is the most important factor affecting students’ proficiency in Arabic followed by communication competence factor.&nbsp; The active contact of students with lecturers, followed by active communication in learning, were the important variables influencing students' motivation to pursue online Arabic learning. In order to achieve more meaningful learning and excellence in Arabic study, both of these criteria must be prioritised.</p> Muhammad Saiful Anuar Yusoff Muhammad Luqman Ibnul Hakim Mohd Saad ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2 1 14 10.47254/insaniah.v5i2.201 توظيف طريقة الـمحاكاة في التعليم والتعلم لتعزيز مهارة الـمحادثة باللغة العربية لدى الطلاب الناطقين بغير العربية <p>تعرض هذه المقالة عن &nbsp;توظيف طريقة الـمحاكاة في تعليم اللغة العربية وتعلمها لتعزيز مهارة الـمحادثة باللغة العربية للطلاب الناطقين بغيرها، وتهدف هذه المقالة إلى علاج مشكلة الدارسين الـمعروفة والمتمثلة في عزوفهم عن المحادثة باللغة العربية على الرغم من طول الفترة التي قضوها في تعلم لغة القرآن. وكذلك تقدم المقالة مقترحا بالطريقة المناسبة لتوظيف المحاكاة في تعليم اللغة العربية وتعلمها وصولا إلى معرفة مدى فاعلية طريقة المحاكاة في تعزيز اللغة العربية للناطقين بغيرها. وقد سلكت المقالة المنهج الوصفي في تقديمه للموضوع وذلك بالعودة إلى جمع البيانات النظرية، وكذلك طرح بعض التجارب والخبرات في هذا المجال. ومن الجدير بالذكر أن المقالة تؤكد بأن طريقة المحاكاة لها دور بارز في تعزيز مهارات المحادثة باللغة العربية للناطقين بغيرها أثناء ممارستهم لهذه الطريقة. كما يحث الـمتخصصين في مجال التعليم على توظيف هذه الطريقة في لقاءاتهم التعليمية، ومن الملاحظ أن تطبيق هذه الطريقة ستحسن من مستوى مهارات المحادثة لدى الدارسين، وتجعلهم أكثر حماسة وجرأة لممارسة المحادثة دون خجل، علاوة على ذلك تنمّي ثروتهم اللغوية المعاصرة، وتعودهم على التعلم الذاتي والإبداع في المحادثة. وتوصي المقالة بأن تُسَخَّر وسائل المعلومات والاتصالات الحديثة في خدمة التعليم والتعلم في مؤسساتنا التربوية، كما ينبغي الاهتمام بتدريس مهارات الـمحادثة للطلاب الناطقين بغير العربية من خلال استخدام استراتيجية المحاكاة التي تيسر للدارسين اكتساب الـخبرات التعليمية الـمقدّمة لهم، والعمل على تحسين عملية تعليم اللغة العربية وتعلمها للناطقين بغيرها وتطويرها بشكل مستمر.</p> Maryam Abdul Rahman Muhammad Nazri Rostam Kamariah Abdul Rahman Al Muslim Mustapa @ Ab. Rahim ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2 15 28 10.47254/insaniah.v5i2.209 Arts Element in STEAM Education: A Systematic Review of Journal Publications <p>Most of the country have conducted research in the last few years to improve their students' achievement through STEAM which mean science, technology, engineering, arts and mathematics education. Anyway, in Malaysia STEM education still focus in both primary and secondary schools. This was stated in the Malaysian Education Blueprint (2013-2015) in which STEM education would strengthen the science subjects in our country. However, the main issue related to STEM education in Malaysia is students' lack of interest in science subjects. The factors that contribute to students’ lack of interest in STEM are students' anxieties and difficulties in getting good grades in STEM, declining PISA performance, and teachers' teaching approach. Many studies that show integrating arts in STEM, which is known as STEAM education, is a critical education model for enhancing STEM. The United States, Korea, and New Zealand have already implemented the model in their education system. This literature review aims to introduce the STEAM framework and its importance for students and teachers. It examines the findings, discussions, and recommendations of collected STEM/STEAM research works from 2006 to 2021 based on positive impact of STEAM on students' achievement, cognitive development, creativity, and ability in problem-solving.&nbsp; STEAM education is still new in Malaysia and if it were to be implemented in Malaysia, policymakers will need to develop a curriculum, professional development for teachers, and materials to ensure that it can be implemented successfully in Malaysia.</p> kayshi Seetoo Ng Siew Foen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2 29 43 10.47254/insaniah.v5i2.204 Strategies in Translation of Geographical Names in the Novel Journey to the West <p>Translating proper names could be challenging as they contain aspects of historical, semantic, geographical, or social meanings of a particular culture. Such problems are extended to the translation of geographical names in which a mistranslation may confuse the readers and jeopardize (the entire) translation as a result of “unsuccessful rendition” of a place name. This study explored the types of geographical names in the classic novel Journey to the West, described how these names were translated into English, and sought to what extent the meanings of the names were retained in the TL. This qualitative study adapted Urazmetova and Shamsutdinova (2017), and Fernandes’ (2006) frameworks in identifying the types of geographical names and translation procedures. The findings showed that geographical names could be divided into natural and man-made, while the major procedures in the translation of geographical names were rendition, transposition, and mixed procedure. Although, some minor loss of meaning in translations was identified, the frameworks were found effective (i.e., successful rendition) in retaining most of the original meanings, as well as the analysis of geographical names and the translation of proper names. Translation researchers could further investigate translation solutions for translating names by exploring the interrelations between language, culture, and translation through tackling the translation problems.</p> Mansour Amini Shin Rue Goh Tian Yi Liu Latha Ravindran ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2 44 62 10.47254/insaniah.v5i2.174 Relevance of Wording and Relevance of Meaning On Waqf Ikhtiyārī in Surah al-Qāri‘aṯ <p>This study was conducted to examine the function of the relevance of wording and meaning in surah al-Qāri‘aṯ. This study also focuses on the function reasonableness about the relevance of the wording and meaning in dividing a surah into several segments, then in stipulating the law of <em>Waqf</em> at the end of each segment. The question about an extent of a person’s dependence on the laws of <em>Waqf</em> which have been decided by the scholars will be answered by this study. The method used is qualitative libraries that involve data collection and analysis. The accumulated data are in the form of descriptive and these involve writing and video records. These data will be analysed using content analysis methods that involve description and interpretation with evidence. The study findings show that the relevance of wording and meaning could be implemented in dividing surah al-Qāri‘aṯ into four segments. These findings also prove that law of <em>Waqf</em> can be decided, even without first referring to the rullings that have been decided by past scholars. The uniqueness of the implementation of these two relatedities in a surah is that it provides thorough understanding prior to the law stipulation of <em>Waqf</em>, whether in <em>ra’si āyaṯ</em> or at the end of the segment.</p> AL-ISMA'ILI MURSYID ROSDI AZHAR MUHAMMAD ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 5 2 63 75 10.47254/insaniah.v5i2.202